- You must be willing to pledge allegiance and loyalty to Denmark and Danish society
- You must hold permanent residency in Denmark.
- You must have had 9 years of continuous residency in Denmark. This can be reduced if you fulfil certain criteria, for example:
- Refugees: 8 years residency in Denmark is required.
- Citizens from Nordic countries: 2 years residency in Denmark is required.
- Marriage to a Danish citizen: 6 years residency if married 3 years, 7 years residency if married 2 years, 8 years residency if married 1 year.
You must not have been sentenced to a prison term of more than 1 ½ years, or 60 days depending on the type of crime. These crimes exclude the applicant from Danish citizenship at any time.
Minor crimes trigger waiting periods. This includes e.g. speeding tickets from a certain level.
The waiting period is based on what the sanction would have been according to Danish law for the crime committed.
You must not have outstanding public debt, such as child support payments or taxes.
You must be financially independent. This means that you have not claimed state benefits (such as "kontanthjælp") in the year prior to the proposal of the bill regarding naturalisation, and for no more than 2½ years out of the 5 previous years.
You must have passed “Prøve i Dansk 2” or equivalent to fulfil the language requirement.
You must have passed the citizenship test.
For each of these requirements (except the requirements regarding crime and debt) there are exceptions – particularly if you are a Nordic citizen or are from Greenland or the Faroe Islands. For a more detailed explanation of each requirement, see the Ministry of Immigration, Integration and Housing’s website (in Danish).
NB: Please note that the requirement for Danish citizenship through naturalisation has changed. If you have applied after 15 August 2014 the new requirements will apply - see step 2.
I think I meet all the conditions, but I don’t have evidence to prove it. What do I do?
This is particularly relevant in the language requirement (Danskkundskaber), where you may have been living in Denmark for a long time and be fluent in Danish but without any evidence to prove it.
As the requirements are now, you will need to provide evidence in the form of exam certificates to support your application. If you have taken a form of higher (university) education where the primary language was Danish, you may be able to submit this in place of a language school exam.
There is a list of accepted evidence listed here - see "Bilag 3"(in Danish). The list includes the following exams:
"Prøve i Dansk 3", STX, HF, HHX, HTX, AVU ("almen forberedelseseksamen")
Exams from higher educations e.g. universities.
If you do not have the required evidence, it may be that you need to take an exam in Danish. You can sign up to take the exam from many language schools without attending classes, although a fee will likely be charged for this.
So many exams! What is the citizenship test and how do I take it?
You’re lucky as the citizenship exam (Statsborgerskabsprøve) has been changed to make it a bit easier! There are now fewer obscure Danish history questions and more focus on Danish values and society.
You can take a practice exam online here http://statsborgerskabsprove.com/gratis/, which is highly recommendable prior to the official test.
There are two times a year that you can sit the exam. You can book your place online at http://tilmelding.statsborgerskabsprove.com/om-proeven.html.
There is a fee of DKK 728 to take the exam.